This divergence in growth trends has caused small business employment as a share of total employment to dip below 50%. The size of the annual declines are fairly small, but the trend is clear.
But that national and consolidated view masks some significant disparities when looking at individual industries. The performance of each industry varied widely in the 2000s. Construction was one of the drivers of small business employment during the housing boom, and when that went bust, so did small business construction employment. There were also secular trends that were amplified by the recession, mainly the increasing dominance of Walmart and Amazon in retail and the declining employment in manufacturing (which I explored further here and here). Notably, certain industries were very resilient and continued to employ more people throughout the recession.
Using data from the DoT's Bureau of Transportation Statistics we can add a new twist to traditional airline route maps. With this data, we can produce route maps weighted by the number of passengers that fly each route to create a more informative visualization of airline route networks. The data also allows for viewing the routes by airport, in addition to by airline.
Since 1997 manufacturing output as measured by real value added has increased 40%. While it decreased sharply during the Great Recession, output has almost recovered to that previous peak. But what hasn't recovered is manufacturing employment. The rebound in output has been accompanied by a pick up in efficiency, and the industries where output is growing the most happen to be some of the most efficient manufacturing industries. So while employment has declined, manufacturing in terms of output is doing ok, though there's significant variation at an industry level.
Recently released trip data from the New York City Taxi and Limousine Commission allows for an updated analysis of trip statistics through June 2017. The data shows the ride-hailing companies have been a boon for people living in the outer boroughs while also helping to grow the market in Manhattan.